Any “hands-on” treatment provided by the physiotherapist is a manual therapy.
Treatment may include moving joints in specific directions and at particular speeds to regain movement (joint mobilization and manipulation), muscle stretching, passive movements of the affected body part, or having the patient move the body part against the therapist’s resistance to improve muscle activation and timing. Selected specific soft tissue techniques may also be used to improve the mobility and function of tissue and muscles.
Indication of manual therapy:-
1) Diagnose and treat soft tissues
2) Joint structures for the purpose of modulating pain
3) Increasing range of motion (ROM)
4) Reducing or eliminating soft tissue inflammation
5) Inducing relaxation
6) Improving contractile and non-contractile tissue repair
7) Extensibility and/or stability
8) Facilitating movement
9) Improving function
Types of manual therapy
Myofascial release (MFR)
Muscle Energy Techniques (MET)
It can be defined differently (according to the profession describing it) to state what is permitted within a practitioners scope of practice.